Gum disease (periodontal disease) is a bacterial infection of the gums that develops when plaque and hard tartar accumulate along the gum line. This buildup pushes the gums away from the surface of the teeth, creating pockets where harmful bacteria thrive.
The Signs and Symptoms of Gum Disease
Two Types of Gum Disease and Their Treatment
There are two types of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is a more mild form of gum disease characterized by milder symptoms. Whereas, periodontitis is a more severe form of gum disease characterized by more severe symptoms.
The type of gum disease treatment that is most appropriate for you will depend on how advanced your case of periodontal disease is.
Milder forms of gingivitis can often be successfully addressed with more frequent professional dental cleanings designed to keep the surfaces of the teeth free from plaque and tartar accumulation, in addition to improvements to at-home oral hygiene practices such as improved brushing and flossing techniques and the use of antibacterial mouth rinses.
More serious cases of periodontitis typically require more extensive treatments that include more frequent dental exams and professional cleanings, at-home rounds of treatment with trays containing antibiotic gels, and scaling and root planing.
Scaling and root planing are teeth-cleaning techniques that remove the plaque and tartar from the surface of the teeth and reach below the gum line to smooth out the grooves of the teeth’s roots to discourage bacteria from clinging and growing there. These treatments are performed with local anesthetics so that patients do not feel any pain.
Gum Disease Treatment Is Essential to Optimal Health and Wellness
If you have been diagnosed with gum disease, it is essential that you seek out treatment for the infection because gum disease can have a harmful effect on your entire body. It’s been associated with systemic diseases including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, cancer, cognitive dysfunction, and more.
At Dr. Christopher J. Fotinos Dr. Randy A. Rosales Cosmetic & General Dentistry, we can provide you with a personalized treatment plan based on your specific case of periodontal disease and oral health needs. To learn more, we welcome you to schedule a dentist appointment in Orange today.